Your health care provider will check your vision, eye movements, pupils, the back of your eye (called the retina), and eye pressure. An overall medical evaluation will be done if needed.
It will be helpful to your provider if you can describe your symptoms accurately. Think about the following ahead of time:
- Has the problem affected your vision?
- Is there blurring, halos around lights, flashing lights, or blind spots?
- Do colors seem faded?
- Do you have pain?
- Are you sensitive to light?
- Do you have tearing or discharge?
- Do you have dizziness, or does it seem like the room is spinning?
- Do you have double vision?
- Is the problem in one or both eyes?
- When did this begin? Did it occur suddenly or gradually?
- Is it constant or does it come and go?
- How often does it occur? How long does it last?
- When does it occur? Evening? Morning?
- Is there anything that makes it better? Worse?
The provider will also ask you about any eye problems you have had in the past:
- Has this ever happened before?
- Have you been given eye medications?
- Have you had eye surgery or injuries?
- Have you recently traveled out of the country?
- Are there new things you could be allergic to, such as soaps, sprays, lotions, creams, cosmetics, laundry products, curtains, sheets, carpets, paint, or pets?
The provider will also ask about your general health and family history:
- Do you have any known allergies?
- When did you last have a general checkup?
- Are you taking any medications?
- Have you been diagnosed with any medical conditions, such as diabetes or high blood pressure?
- What kinds of eye problems do your family members have?
The following tests may be performed:
- Dilated eye exam
- Slit-lamp examination
- Refraction (test for glasses)
- Tonometry (eye pressure test)
Treatments depend on the cause. Surgery will be recommended for some conditions.